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首页 > 高中辅导 > 高考 > 学科备考 > 英语 >

2020届高三一轮复习英语——定语从句

2019-08-15 15:56:56 来源:高中化学辅导网网

定语从句,是很多人英语修仙路上的一道坎。其实,只要抓住几个关键点,定语从句一点也不难搞。什么是定语从句?通俗地讲,定语就是形容词(adj.),用来修饰某个东西或某个人。随着我们英语水平提升,简单的形容词已经不能满足更复杂的句式,2020高考英语一轮复习语法之定语从句定语从句单句语料你掌握了多少?高中化学辅导网老师为你整理了2020届高三一轮复习英语——定语从句,希望能够对你有所帮助!

1. She and her family bicycle to work,whichhelps them keep fit.

2. By boat is the only way to get here,whichis how we arrived

3. Like anything,it is possible to have too much fat and salt, which ___ is not good for the health.

4. In their spare time,they are interested in planting vegetables in their garden,___ which __ is on the rooftop of their house.

5.Zheng He had over 300 ships, some of which were over 150 meters long and could carry up to 1,000 people. 郑和有300多艘船,其中一些150多米长,能载多达1,000人。

6. Around me in the picture are the thingsthat/whichwere very important in my life at that time:car magazines and musical instruments.

7. Sarah,__ who _has taken part in shows along with top models,wants to prove that she has brains as well as beauty.

8. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, __ who _ lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C.,influenced the development of chopsticks.

9.All this means that companies will require people who are flexible and can work on their own.

所有这些都意味着公司需要的将是富有灵活性和能够独立工作的员工。

10. Many young people, most ofwhomwere well-educated, headed for remote regions to chase their dreams.

11.The study suggests that the cultures we grow up in influence the basic processes bywhichwe see the world around us.

解析:which句意:研究表明我们成长的文化影响我们看周围世界的基本过程。这是一个定语从句,先行词为指物的the basic processes,所以介词by后面用which。

12.Some experts think reading is the fundamental skill upon __which__ school education depends.

解析:本句为定语从句。引导词在定语从句中位于介词upon的后面作宾语,故用关系代词且指代先行词the fundamental skill,因此用which。

13.Self-driving is an area ____where______China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line.

14.The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere ___where_____ his employees enjoy their work.

【答案与解析】 where句意:这家公司的老板正试图创造一个员工都喜欢工作的轻松环境。先行词为抽象地点名词,定语从句中缺少地点状语,故用where引导。

http://15.In1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme,one of ___ whose _____ purposes is to relieve world­wide starvation.

解析:whose考查定语从句。句意:1963年,联合国建立世界粮食计划署,它的目的之一就是缓解全球饥饿。根据先行词“the World Food Programme”和“purpose”间的所属关系,故用whose。

16.The books on the desk,__whose__covers are shiny,are prizes for us.

解析:此句是非限制性定语从句,先行词为the books,________和covers之间存在所有关系,意为“书的封面”。句意:桌上的书是给我们的奖励,那些书的封面闪闪发光。根据语境填whose。

句子主干:The books on the desk are prizes for us

17. Eric set sail once again, this time with 25 ships,of whichonly 14 made it to Greenland.

埃里克再次起航,这次带着25艘船,其中只有14艘船成功到达格陵兰。

18.He wrote many children's books,nearly half of __which__ were published in the 1990s.

解析:此句为非限制性定语从句,先行词是children's books,定语从句中of缺少宾语,故填which。句意:他写了许多儿童书籍,差不多一半左右是在20世纪90年代出版的。

19. We will put off the picnic in the park until next week,___ when _____ the weather may be better.

【答案与解析】 when句意:我们将把在公园里进行野餐推迟到下周,那时天气可能更好。空后是非限制性定语从句,从句中缺少时间状语,先行词是表示时间的名词next week,故用when引导。

20. The number of smokers, ___ as ___is reported,has dropped by 17 percent in just one year.

【答案与解析】 as句意:据报道,仅一年的时间,吸烟人的数量就下降了百分之十七。此处由as引导非限制性定语从句,表示“正如……”。as is reported既可以位于句首,也可以位于句中。

21. I am looking forward to the day __ when _ my daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her.

【答案与解析】 when句意:我一直都在期待我的女儿能够读懂这本书并了解我对她的感情的那一天。要填的词引导一个定语从句,先行词是表示时间的the day;从句缺少时间状语,故填when。

22. Students should involve themselves in community activities___ where _____ they can gain experience for growth.

【答案与解析】 where句意:应该让学生参与社团活动,在活动中他们能够获得成长所需要的经验。分析句子结构可知,从空格处一直到句尾为定语从句,修饰先行词activities,并且先行词在定语从句中作地点状语,故填关系副词where。

23.I am not the same kind of personasyou are.我可不是和你一类的人。(as在从句中作表语)

24.You may take the same busaswe take.你可乘坐我们坐的同一辆大巴。(as在从句中作宾语)

25.Asyou know, we need to hurry up.大家知道,我们需要加快速度。

26. I don’t know the reasonwhy/for whichhe didn’t come to school yesterday.

27.Asit turned out ,I loved every minute of the class.

As引导的非限制性定语从句位置即可以位于句首,也可以位于句中或者句末。

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