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首页 > 高中辅导 > 高考 > 学科备考 > 英语 >

备战2020年高考:高考英语短文改错答题6步法

2019-08-20 15:22:47 来源:高中化学辅导网网

高中英语不可怕,你很容易征服它。如果你只是为了应试,或者已经离高考时日无多,那么放弃一些非必要的技巧,什么听英语课,看英语话剧等,,什么听英文欧,这些都不能高效的提高复习成绩,在英语的复习中,你必须熟悉设错方式:多词、少词、错词。平时应加强基本功训练,用一个“错题集”本把自己或同学在书面表达中出现的错误归纳一下,以便考前复习。查看时态是否一致。查看主谓是否一致等。

1. 必须熟悉设错方式:多词、少词、错词。

⑴ 多词现象大多出现在冠词、介词、助动词、连词、语义重复及行文逻辑等方面。

⑵ 少词现象主要出现在冠词、介词、副词、助动词、不定式符号to、连词等。

⑶ 错词现象主要在冠词、介词、名词单复数、动词时态、非谓语动词、主谓一致、代词、连词、词形。

2. 平时应加强基本功训练,用一个“错题集”本把自己或同学在书面表达中出现的错误归纳一下,以便考前复习。

短文改错与书面表达一样,最能反映一个人的语言功底。大家在该题上失分最厉害,因为此题而影响英语总成绩的占大多数。

大家应把改错内容当作一篇小短文来理解,这样能对短文有个宏观把握,对上下文有全面的了解。

在理解篇章的基础上逐句审读,分析判断,上下兼顾,把明显的、拿的准的题先做完,这样可以缩小包围圈,也有助于对全文的进一步理解。

1. 查看时态是否一致。

My favorite sport is football. I was a member of our football team. 全文都是用的一般现在时,此句中的was显然与上下文语境不符,应改为am。

2. 查看主谓是否一致。

Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them. cost应改为costs,因其主语是it(为形式主语),且上下文均为一般现在时。

3. 查指代是否一致。

The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.句中的主语the Smiths表的是Smith一家人,因此指示代词his应改为their。

4. 查平行结构是否平行一致。

由and, or, but, either...or..., neither...nor..., not only...but also..., as well as等并列连词和词组连接的结构可称为平行结构。

It was very kind of them to meet me at the railway station and drove me to their home. 句中的drove显然与and前面的to meet不平行,应改为drive。

5. 查名词的单复数与修饰词语或上下文是否一致。

We study quite a few subject, such as Maths, Chinese... quite a few 只能修饰复数名词,故subject应改为subjects。

6. 查行文逻辑是否一致。

Most people can quickly get help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill.根据行文逻辑,这里不应该由since来引导原因状语从句,而应该是when / whenever或if来引导时间或条件状语从句。

短文改错是有一定的规律可循的,纵观近几年的高考试题及我们平常的模拟考试,可以发现短文改错主要有以下十大错误:

1. 形容词与副词的误用。

如exciting与excited,hard与hardly,possible与possibly,here与there等,以及形容词与副词的比较级与最高级。

2. 名词的单复数误用。

如在several,many,various,different,a few,one of等之后,常用名词的复数,在every与each之后常用单数。

3. 代词的误用。

如you与your,it’s与its,it与they或them,one与ones,宾格(如me)与反身代词(如myself)等的误用。

4. 介词的误用、缺少或多余。

常见的如in 与on,to与for,instead与instead of,because与because of等的误用。

5. 时态的错误。

看一篇文章,要有一种大局观,要上前下挂,看看上下文的时态是否一致。

6. 连词的误用。

如or与and的误用,and与but的误用,so与but的误用,because或since与so连用,though与but连用等。

7. 第三人称单数后的动词形式。

8. 一些固定结构的误用。

如so...that被误用作very...that,too...to被误用very...to,as...as被误作so...as等。

9. 定语从句中关系词的误用。

10. 一些常用词的误用。

如what与how,except与besides,any与some以及它们的合成词如anything与something,anywhere与somewhere等混淆不清。

改完后,要回过头来重读一遍全文,查看改过后是否能使语气通顺,时态一致,合乎逻辑。再次通读可以在初改时感觉不顺的地方集中精力,仔细推敲,使答案更加准确。

在平常的学习中一定要注重语感的培养,英语学习的根本任务是学习语言,而学习语言的根本在于学习和习得语感。语感一旦形成,就为英语学习打下了良好的基础。

语言是学出来的,所以要学好语言,一定要多读多背,尤其是背,它是语言习得最重要的途径之一。

单句改错.(下列句子各有一处错误,请改正)

1. Now people get a lot of informations from TV.

2. German is a European country.

3. They didn’t want me to do any work at family.

4. Yesterday I met an old friend of my father.

5. Boys and girls, don’t lose hearts. Do better next time.

6. They are of different size.

7. It is so beautiful place that you must visit it.

8. What a terrible weather we have been having!

9. It took place in France, an European country.

10. Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.

11. What good time we had last night!

12. We shall spend three-day holiday together.

13. I came to understand that was not easy to earn money.

14. Some parents think useless for girls to go to school.

15. When he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place.

16. One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher.

17. It’s important that we should think over before doing anything.

18. The truck was moving so fast that the driver couldn’t control.

19. I apologized and controlled me at my best till the dinner started.

20. We must take part in the social practice to prepare us well for our future.

21. The teacher did not punish for cheating but instead gave me a second chance.

22. Henry did not like his car, that ran badly and often broke down.

23. There was a five-pound note in the pocket of the trousers I had told her to wash it.

24. People can hardly do some fishing there.

25. I visited a place where is surrounded by mountains.

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